AIDS is a leading cause of deaths in the Sub-Saharan region. This region accounts for 70% of new infections in the world, and therefore, there is a need to adopt effective methods to prevent the spread of the disease. Initiatives for preventing AIDS in Africa include empowering women, promoting voluntary male circumcision, and education in schools.
African women need to be empowered to make their decisions regarding sexual relationships. The health organizations should work with the local government to report cases of gender-based violence because this perpetuates HIV infection among the women. In addition, male circumcision helps reduce transmission of HIV among heterosexual couples. However, Africa can only pull out of AIDS through educating the children from a young age. Education has many dimensions in creating awareness about AIDS as well as the possibility to have a big impact on the reduction of HIV infections.
Education is a crucial part of raising awareness about AIDS in Africa. The discrimination of HIV positive adolescents and children reduces when people are educated about AIDS in Africa. Educating girls about AIDS helps to improve prevention and care of the disease. In Africa, young women comprise 60% of the population with AIDS, and this is unfortunate since the women still play a crucial role in the society. Giving African women and girls the chance to get education enables them, to assert sexual and reproductive rights. Also, educating girls and women about AIDS improves their knowledge about transmission of HIV and the use of condoms which can reduce the risk of transmission. For pregnant mothers, education can make a huge difference in making informed decisions on prevention of the disease.
In Africa, AIDS is still contracted when HIV-positive mothers breastfeed children. Education can make a difference because educated mothers are well informed. An educated mother is likely to seek testing when they are pregnant and understand that HIV can be transmitted through breastfeeding. Therefore, such mothers take the necessary precautions to prevent AIDS. More so, they are likely to adhere to taking anti-retroviral drugs because they understand drugs reduce mother-to-child transmission. In Africa, it is essential to ensure children have access to school because children who have stayed in school are aware of HIV/AIDS. Most importantly, education in Africa reduces new infections and re-infection as educated people are aware of the disease.
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